来源:成都三心学堂    发布时间:2024-03-25    浏览次数:1069
1. clothes, cloth, clothing
clothing服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of

2. incident, accident
incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故
He was killed in the accident.

3. amount, number
number后接可数名词 a number of students

4. sound, voice, noise
noise噪音I hate the loud noise outside.

5. photo, picture, drawing
Let's go and see a good picture.
6. weather, climate
The climate here is not good for you.

7. road, street, path, way
take this road; in the street, show me the way to the museum.

8. course, subject
subject科目(具体的学科)a summer course

9. custom, habit
custom传统风俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接to do,
habit生活习惯,习惯成自然,后接of doing.
I've got the habit of drinking a lot.

10. cause, reason
cause指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of sth./doing sth,
reason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late

11. exercise, exercises, practice
practice(反复做的)练习 Practice makes perfect.

12. class, lesson
指班级或全体学生用class. lesson 6; class 5

13. speech, talk, lecture
lecture学术性的演讲,讲课 a series of lecture on…
14. work, job
二者均指工作。work不可数,job可数 a good job

15. couple, pair
pair多指由两部分组成的东西 a pair of trousers

16. country, nation, state, land
The whole nation was sad at the news.

17. cook, cooker
cook厨师,cooker厨具 He is a good cook.

18. damage, damages
damage不可数名词,损害,损失; damages复数形式,赔偿金 $900 damages


19. police, policeman
The police are questioning everyone in the house.

20. problem, question
problem常和困难连系,前面的动词常为think about, solve, raise,question常和疑问连系,多和ask, answer连用

21. trip, journey, travel
travel是最常用的,trip指短期的旅途,journey指稍长的旅途, a three-day trip

22. sport, game
game指决定胜负的游戏,通常有一套规则 His favorite sport is swimming.

23. price, prize
win the first prize The price is high/low.

24. a number of, the number of
a number of许多,谓语动词用复数。
the number of…的数目,谓语动词用单数。
The number of students is increasing.

25. in front of, in the front of
in front of范围外的前面,
in the front of范围内的前面
In the front of the room sits a boy.

26. for a moment, for the moment
for a moment片刻,一会儿,
for the moment暂时,一时
Thinking for a moment, he agreed.

27. next year, the next year
next year将来时间状语,the next year过去将来时间状语
He said he would go abroad the next year.

28. more than a year, more than one year

more than a year一年多,more than one year超过一年(两年或三年等)

29. take advice, take the(one's) advice
take advice征求意见,take the advice接受忠告
He refused to take the advice and failed again.

30. take air, take the air
take air传播,走漏,take the air到户外去,散步

31. in a word, in words
in a word总之,一句话,
in words口头上 In a word, you are right.

32. in place of, in the place of
in place of代替,in the place of在…地方
A new building is built in the place of the old one.

33. in secret, in the secret
in secret秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语;in the secret知道内情,知道秘密,一般用作表语 My mother was in the secret from the beginning.

34. go to sea, by sea, by the sea
go to sea当海员,出航,
by sea乘船,由海路,
by the sea在海边
go by sea

35. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher
the doctor and teacher指一个人,既是医生又是老师,
the doctor and the teacher两个人,一个医生和一个老师
the doctor and teacher is

36. in office, in the office
in office在职的,in the office在办公室里He is in office, not out ofoffice.

37. in bed, on the bed
in bed卧在床上,on the bed在床上The book is on the bed. Heis ill in bed.

38. in charge of, in the charge of
in charge of管理,负责照料,in the charge of由……照料
He is in charge of thematter.
The matter is in the charge of her.

39. in class, in the class
in class在课上,in the class在班级里
He is the best student inthe class.

40. on fire, on the fire
on fire着火,on the fire在火上
Put the food on the fire.
The house is on fire.

41. out of question, out of the question
out of question毫无疑问的,out of the question不可能的

42. a second, the second
a second又一,再一,the second第……
He won the second prize.

43. it, one
I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.

44. that, this
I was ill. That's why…

45. none, nothing, no one
none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人--- How many…/How much…?
--- None.

46. anyone, any one
anyone指人,不能接of,any one指人物均可,可接of any one of you

47. who, what
What is your dad? He is a teacher.

48. what, which
Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?

49. not a little, not a bit
not a little非常,not a bit一点也不I'm not a bit tired.我一点儿也不累。

50. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself
by oneself单独的,独自的,for oneself为自己,to oneself供自己用的,of oneself自行的,自动的
The door opened of itself.

51. high, highly
high具体的高,highly抽象的高,高度的think highly of

52. healthy, healthful
healthy健康的,健壮的,healthful有益于健康的healthful exercise

53. sleeping, asleep, sleepy
sleepy困的,有睡意的asleeping baby
The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.

54. gold, golden
gold指真金制品,golden指金色的,但金鱼用gold fish a gold ring

55. most, mostly
most用于表感受的肯定句中,相当于very,当大部分,大多数解时是形容词或名词,mostly大部分,是副词most people, the people are mostly…

56. real, true
real真的,真实的,指的是事实上存在而不是想象的,true真的,真正的,指的是事实和实际情况相符合real gold, a true story


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